Private Patrick Monaghan Company K-22nd Iowa Infantry Volunteer Regiment
Born in Ireland in 1839, According to the 1860 Federal Census, Patrick, 21, was the oldest son living at home in Fillmore Township, just north of Hinkletown, Foote P.O., and worked as a laborer. From (Hinkletown/Little Creek) Height: 5’ 8 ½”, Hair: Black, Eyes: Blue
When Patrick Monaghan departed Foote for the Civil War, it is said his boots left deep impressions in the mud in front of the Monaghan home. His mother gathered boards and laid them over the depressions to preserve his shoe prints, fearing this would be the last physical memory of her son.
He was severely injured at the Battle of Black River Bridge, Mississippi. According to the Adjutant General’s report, “On the 17th of May, 1863, while on a charge against the enemy occurred a gun shot wound, which caused him to fall to the ground, the ball entering the neck just above the collar bone on the left side, passing down into the chest through the right lung and lodging near about the second rib on the right side where it still remains inside the rib.” He rejoined his unit after recovering at a hospital in Memphis, Tennessee. According to records his treatment began on June 1, 1863 and continued through July 15, 1863. The bullet stayed in his body and eventually played a part in his death at the age of 58.
Captured Colt Model 1855 “Root” sidehammer revolver. This .28 caliber, five-shot revolver was captured by Javan B. Irvine of the 1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company A, during the the First Battle of Bull Run.
At Bull Run, the 1st Minnesota had not yet been issued regular army uniforms and most of the men were wearing red flannel shirts, similar to the style worn by the 4th Alabama. The uniform similarities caused confusion among the troops and allowed Private Irvine to force Confederate Lieutenant Colonel Bartley B. Boone of the 2nd Mississippi to surrender. Boone was the highest ranking Confederate officer captured at the First Bull Run. At gunpoint, Irvine forced Boone to dismount, disarmed him, and turned Boone over to a Union lieutenant to be taken to General Irvin McDowell. While Irvine sent Boone’s sword with him, Irvine kept the revolver for himself. (Fire damage to the revolver occurred later, burning away the revolver’s grips.) Minnesota Historical Society.
Union Soldier Tintype with Sidearm-Soldier’s Identity Unknown
Statistics vary on the subject, but it has been suggested that in the Federal Army alone, more than 1,000,000 of the soldiers were eighteen or under. Of this 1,000,000, about 200,000 were under the age of 16; of this number, 100,000 were fifteen or under, and of this number, 300 were thirteen or under, and around 25 were ten or under.
Confederate statistics regarding soldiers are even less reliable, but according to Burke Davis in The Civil War: Strange and Fascinating Facts: (From a sample of about 11,000 Confederate soldiers) there was one of thirteen, and three were fourteen; 31 were fifteen; 200 were sixteen; 366 were seventeen; and about a thousand were eighteen.
A Rare Civil War Smile-
General Abram Duryée 1815 – 1890
Commander of one of the most famous Zouave regiments, the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry after the war he was new York City Police Commissioner
He fought in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Second Battle of Bull Run, and several others. At the Battle of Antietam, he succeeded Ricketts as division commander, when the latter replaced General Joseph Hooker as corps commander. He was not afraid to be in the thick of the action; he was wounded at Second Bull Run, South Mountain, and Antietam.
Revolver, Seven-Shot, 32-Caliber, “Moore’s Single Action Belt Revolver.” Moore’s Patent Firearms Company, Brooklyn, N.Y., Serial Number 60 with Decorative Scroll Engraving, C. 1861. The revolver is marked ” Col. Abrm. Duryee 5th Regt. NYSV.” Abram Duryee organized the Duryee’s Zouaves (5th New York) in 1861 and fought at the Battle of Big Bethel. He was promoted to brigadier general on August 31, 1861.
Private David Lowry, of Company E, 25th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Company A, 41st Virginia Infantry Regiment, and Company D, 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment, in uniform and corsage of flowers with musket and book. Confederate States of America.—Army.—Virginia Cavalry Regiment
Like the Union Army, most Confederate soldiers were under 30. More than half the Confederate soldiers were farmers, although only a very small percentage of them owned slaves. The others came from many different types of jobs: carpenters, clerks, blacksmiths, students, etc. As in the Northern army, the Southern soldiers had educational backgrounds that ranged from university degrees to illiteracy.
Cavalry and artillery regiments attracted wealthier and more highly educated men than infantry units in the South, and a Confederate foot soldier was more likely to be illiterate than his Union counterpart. It is not certain how many foreigners fought for the Confederacy, but the number seems to be in the tens of thousands.
Glimpse of a Soldier’s Life-Private Thomas Taylor, Confederate Army Soldier
Louisiana Infantry; Armed with a M1842 Musket; American Civil War, 1861-65 Credit: Peter Newark Military Pictures
The son of a prominent Louisiana politician, Thomas Taylor enlisted as a private in Company F, 8th Louisiana Infantry Regiment which served in the Army of Northern Virginia throughout the war. He fought with his company in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign in 1862, the Second Battle of Manassas and he was severely wounded on 17 September 1862 at the Battle of Sharpsburg, Maryland. He survived the wound and the war.
niallsmagicunicorn replied to your photo: Civil War Gunshot Wound about 1861-1865 Skull…
Excuse me? Collection? This is a person… Not just a trinket to put on your shelf.
National Museum of Health and Medicine
medical artifacts, artifact, collection, gallery, or whatever term you give is appropriate. No one is saying this is not a “person” and it is not a ‘Trinket” to put on a shelf. The institution’s 25-million object collection, focusing on topics as diverse as innovations in military medicine, traumatic brain injury, anatomy and pathology, military medicine during the Civil War, are on display. http://www.medicalmuseum.mil/
Theres the URL to The National Museum of Health and Medicine, write them about their use of the term “Collection” as used in the context of a “Museum”
Civil War Gunshot Wound about 1861-1865
Skull showing ‘keyhole’ gunshot trauma. Civil War Collection, National Museum of Health and Medicine, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, D.C.
Reading Gunshot Patterns
The mass manufacture of guns in the 19th century led to an epidemic of gunshot wounds incurred in wars, violent crimes, suicides, and accidents. The study of gunshot wounds became an integral part of criminal investigation and forensic pathology.
National Museum of Health and Medicine: The institution’s 25-million object collection, focusing on topics as diverse as innovations in military medicine, traumatic brain injury, anatomy and pathology, military medicine during the Civil War, are on display. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/medtour/nmhm.html
Minie Balls: Small but Lethal
The hollow base of the cone-shaped minie ball (named for French inventor Claude Minié) expanded when the gunpowder ignited, thereby catching its grooves in the interior rifling of the gun and increasing the velocity and accuracy of the bullet. The longer, effective firing range of minie balls also turned mass infantry assaults into mass slaughter until military tactics caught up with the destructive power of the new technology. The ubiquitous minie balls have been collected as battlefield souvenirs ever since.
Information from Library of Congress
Private J. Luman’s Skull…
“Wounded at the battle of Mine Run, Virginia, on November 27th, 1863, when a minie ball passed through his skull. He was treated in the field hospital for several days before being evacuated to the 3rd division hospital in Alexandria. By December 8th, Private Luman was comatose and Surgeon E. Bentley applied a trephine and removed the splinters of bone associated with the wound. His condition failed to improve and he died five days later.”
-The National Museum Of Health And Medicine
The Philadelphia Derringer Pistol Which John Wilkes Booth Used to Shoot President Lincoln.
The gun was made by Henry Deringer, but the misspelling of his name (it actually has a single “r”) has now become common.
FBI photo of the pocket pistol used to kill President Lincoln.
cdv photograph of John Wilkes Booth on a mount by C.D. Fredricks – this the famous “top-coat” pose with gloves and fur-lined overcoat. This is a later pose of the soon-to-be damned assassin… his hair is shorter. Sold for 460.00$ at Cowan’s Auctions
Unidentified Soldier in Union Uniform and State of New York Belt Buckle With Revolver and Side Knife and Smoking Pipe
The state of New York during the American Civil War was a major influence in national politics, the Union war effort, and the media coverage of the war. New York was the most populous state in the Union and provided more troops to the Union Army than any other state, as well as several significant military commanders and leaders.
Unidentified Soldier in Union Cavalry Uniform with Cavalry Sword, Colt Army Revolver, and Carbine
The Colt Model 1860 army was probably the largest produced and most widely used of all handguns in the civil war by both sides. This weapon was also issued to the US cavalry. There were many models & variations of this basic model as well as other Colt handguns that were used. The Union forces liked the Colt 1851 navy so much they purchased many of these handguns to be used by both the army and the navy troops.
“Army Medical Wagon” - amputation scene from American Civil War. Original photograph CP 1563 from National Museum of Health & Medicine, Washington, DC
One surgeon recalled: “We operated in old blood-stained and often pus-stained coats, we used undisinfected instruments from undisinfected plush lined cases. If a sponge (if they had sponges) or instrument fell on the floor it was washed and squeezed in a basin of water and used as if it was clean”
The injuries to be dealt with were dreadful and the fault of the soft lead Minie Ball. With the capability to kill at over 1,000 yards, this soft lead bullet caused large, gaping holes, splintered bones, and destroyed muscles, arteries and tissues beyond any possible repair. Those shot with them through the body, or the head, would not be expected to live. Almost all wounds were caused by the bullet, with canister, cannonballs, shells, and edged weapons next on the list.
The cynlidrical lead bullet, the Minie ball, was rather large and heavy (.58 caliber usually). When it hit bone, it tended to expand. When it hit “guts” (i.e. the intestines) it tended to tear them in ways the old smoothbore musket ball did not. Since they crushed and smashed bone so badly, the doctors did not have much choice but to amputate a limb. Wounds to the stomach were almost always a death sentence.-ehistory.com
“Grape Shot Revolver”- Service Pistol of the Confederacy
The LeMat revolver was a .42 or .36 caliber cap & ball black powder revolver invented by Dr. Jean Alexandre LeMat of New Orleans, which featured an unusual secondary 16 gauge smoothbore barrel capable of firing buckshot. It saw service with the armed forces of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War of 1861–65.
This unique sidearm was also known as the “Grape Shot Revolver.” It was developed in New Orleans in 1856 by Dr. Jean Alexander Le Mat, whose manufacturing effort was backed by P.G.T. Beauregard, who became a general in the Confederate Army. About 2,900 were produced.
LeMat’s revolver was used by such famous Confederate officers as Major Generals Braxton Bragg, J.E.B. Stuart, and Richard H. Anderson; and Major Henry Wirz. Confederate Major General J.E.B. Stuart “was known to favor the Le Mat revolver”. General Beauregard’s personal engraved LeMat, which he carried throughout the war, is preserved at the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond, Virginia.
Rarest of Rare in Historical Images. Quarter Plate Ambrotype of 2 Armed Union Soldiers
Civil War era images like this one sell for as much as $6,000 to $8,000 and are prized among collectors. No photographer is listed or information on what regiment these men are from.
This Rare image was found here.