A Blog Remembering the Men and Women of the American Civil War, North & South, people, faces, and a unique culture we will never see again. Photos and stories about the people that lived it, including African American Photographs, Pre-Civil War history & the period in cultural history that began just after the Civil War. The historical info, photos and documents on this blog reflect the attitudes, perspectives, and beliefs of different times. This blog does not endorse the views expressed in some posts, which may contain materials offensive to some readers. You cannot compare the beliefs, values, politics, ethical values of today to the people of the 1800's.
Every effort is taken to remember the men and women of the Union and Confederacy equally with dignity and respect. The men and women who's photos are posted on this blog have living relatives today, please respect the families and their memory~
The events of the war, and the men of the war, are fast fading from the public attention. Its history is growing to be an “Old, Old Story.” Public interest is weakening day by day. The memory of march, and camp, and battle-field, of the long and manly endurance, of the superb and uncomplaining courage, of the mass of sacrifice that redeemed the Nation, is fast dying out. Those who rejoice in the liberty and peace secured by the soldier’s suffering and privation, accept the benefits, but deny or forget the benefactor-1877 National Tribune
(IF I HAVE MADE AN ERROR ON A HISTORICAL FACT PLEASE CONTACT ME DIRECTLY SO I CAN CORRECT IT) if I posted something unknowingly that you own copyright to, I will remove it immediately.
“The essential American soul is hard, isolate, stoic, and a killer. It has never yet melted."― D.H. Lawrence
John Wilkes Booth
- John Wilkes Booth was almost 27 years old when he shot President Lincoln on April 14, 1865 — it was two weeks before Wilkes’ May 10th birthday.
- John Wilkes Booth was 5′ 8″ tall.
- “At no time did any of John Wilkes Booth’s family identify the body at Garrett’s farm; not on the Montague, not at Weaver’s Funeral Home, and not at the barn. The government could have brought the Booth family forth, but chose not to. Joseph Booth, John’s brother, said numerous times that neither he nor Edwin Booth ever identified the body.” Over 95% of all Booth descendants today believe the body was not that of John Wilkes Booth.
Creator: Meade Bros. —Photographer Source: Print Collection portrait file. / B / John Wilkes Booth .Location: Stephen A. Schwarzman Building / Print Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs Digital ID: 1122182 Record ID: 434444
The Last Photograph of Lincoln Made the Week Before His Death
Source: Print Collection portrait file. / L / Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865. Location: Stephen A. Schwarzman Building / Print Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and PhotographsDigital ID: 1560882 Record ID: 1043795 NYPL Source
Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865
From an Ambrotype Made a Few Days After the Debate at Galesburg, Illinois, October 7, 1858
Source: Print Collection portrait file. / L / Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865 Location: Stephen A. Schwarzman Building / Print Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and PhotographsDigital ID: 1560832Record ID: 1043745 NYPL Source Digital Gallery
Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865.
- His son, Robert Todd Lincoln, was in the vicinity of the assassination of three presidents: Lincoln, Garfield, and McKinley.
- Born in Kentucky, Mary Todd Lincoln received scorn from Southerners, who believed she was a traitor to her birth, and suspicion from Northerners who accused her of treason, throughout her husband’s tenure in the White House during the Civil War.
- During his term, the population of the United States was 32 million.
Source: Print Collection portrait file. / L / Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865.Location: Stephen A. Schwarzman Building / Print Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs Digital ID: 1560870Record ID: 1043783 NYPL Digital Collection
Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865.
Source: Print Collection portrait file. / L / Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865. Location: Stephen A. Schwarzman Building / Print Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs Digital ID: 1560840 Record ID: 1043753 Source NYPL Digital Collection
Abraham Lincoln Pardons John Connor for Desertion
-President Abraham Lincoln Pardoned, Commuted or Rescinded the Convictions of 343 People During His Term
Source: Ruckman, Jr., P. S. (1995-11-04). “Federal Executive Clemency in United States”. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
Creator: Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 —Created Date: 1864 Apr 22 Source: Abraham Lincoln collection, 1847-1864 / Original Manuscripts by Lincoln Location: Stephen A. Schwarzman Building / Manuscripts and Archives Division Catalog Call Number: MssCol 1761 Source: New York Public Library Digital Gallery
Albert Woolson of Duluth, The Last Surviving Union Veteran of the Civil War, circa early 1950s. (News-Tribune file photo)
born Feb. 11, 1847, last of more than 2.6 million Boys in Blue who served in the Union Army during the Civil War. He passed in 1956.
When President Lincoln issued an appeal for troops, Albert, was 17, enlisted in October 1864 as a volunteer private in the First Minnesota Heavy Artillery Regiment. He started in the drum corps. He served as head drummer boy and later became drum major.
Woolson made no bones about his favorite president – Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. He’s an expert on Grant’s life and times.
“Now there was a great man,” Woolson declared. “No palaver about that fellow. No nonsense, either.” …
Woolson said he remembered seeing Abraham Lincoln in Washington, D.C., in 1859 on a trip there with his father.
Photo Credit young Woolson http://civilwarsaga.com/albert-woolson-the-last-civil-war-veteran/
The Best Civil War Books -From James McPherson’s definitive history to Tony Horwitz’s adventures among obsessives, here are the 11 best books on the Civil War in time for the 150th anniversary.
By Malcolm Jones who writes about books, music, and photography for The Daily Beast and Newsweek
Battle Cry of Freedom
By James McPherson
The Civil War: A Narrative
By Shelby Foote
Landscape Turned Red
By Stephen Sears
By Ulysses S. Grant
This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War
By Drew Gilpin Faust
Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln
By Doris Kearns Goodwin
The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery
By Eric Foner
Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory
By David W. Blight
JEWISH SOLDIERS IN BLUE & GRAY a first-of-its-kind film that reveals the little-known struggles facing American Jews both in battle and on the home front during the nation’s deadliest war, Recently unearthed personal narratives shed new light on this fascinating chapter in American history and powerfully illustrate the unique role Jews played on the battlefields and the home front.
Chronicles Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s infamous 1862 mandate to expel Jewish residents from Union-controlled land and shares the story of President Lincoln’s doctor-turned-Union spy.
General Order No. 11 was the title of an order issued by Major-General Ulysses S. Grant on December 17, 1862, during the Civil War. It ordered the expulsion of all Jews in his military district, comprising areas of Tennessee, Mississippi and Kentucky.. The order was issued as part of a Union campaign against a black market in Southern cotton, which Grant thought was being run “mostly by Jews and other unprincipled traders.”
Following protests from Jewish community leaders and an outcry by members of Congress and the press, President Lincoln ordered this revoked a few weeks later. During his campaign for the presidency in 1868, Grant repudiated the order, saying that it had been drafted by a subordinate and that he had signed it without reading it during warfare.
John Y Simon (1979). The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant, Volume 7: December 9, 1862 - March 31, 1863. SIU Press. p. 56.
The Riderless Horse- Represent’s a Fallen Leader Looking Back On His Troops For the Last Time.
Abraham Lincoln was the first president of the United States to be officially honored by the inclusion of the caparisoned horse in his funeral cortege. When Lincoln’s funeral train reached Springfield Illinos his horse Old Bob, who was draped in a black mourning blanket, followed the procession and led mourners to Lincoln’s burial spot.
This marks the first time we have photographs of the riderless horse participating in the funeral of an American president
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6455403
Traditionally, simple black riding boots are reversed in the stirrups to represent a fallen leader looking back on his troops for the last time.
The custom is believed to date back to the time of Genghis Khan, when a horse was sacrificed to serve the fallen warrior in the next world. The caparisoned horse later came to symbolize a warrior who would ride no more. Others suggest that this tradition hailed from over a thousand years before Genghis Khan, when the Afghan people represented the Buddha as a riderless horse.
Photo: Washington, D.C. (Jun. 9, 2004) - Symbolic of a fallen leader who will never ride again, the Caparisoned horse is led down Constitution Ave., following the Caisson carrying the body of former U.S. President Ronald Reagan Source: Wiki
Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth-The First -“Conspicuous-Union Man Killed” in the Civil War- He is a Character in the film Saving Lincoln, in Which His Death is Portrayed. Photo: His Avenger Francis Brownell (left) and Ellsworth (right)
The death of Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth in Alexandria, Virginia, was one of the sensational flash points at the start of the Civil War. His death at the hands of a local innkeeper made him a martyr in the North. Throughout the conflict, his name, face, and heroism would be recalled on stationery, in sheet music, and in memorial lithographs. Francis E. Brownell, the soldier who personally killed Ellsworth’s assailant, bequeathed several artifacts to the Smithsonian Institution, including the weapons used in the incident and his congressional Medal of Honor.-Source Smithsonian Institution
~Lincoln looked out from the White House across the Potomac River, and saw a large Confederate flag prominently displayed over the town of Alexandria Virginia….
Colonel Ellsworth led his personally raised Fire Zouaves (the 11th New York Regt.) across the state line in order to rectify the disgrace. While descending the staircase of Alexandria’s Marshall House Inn with the flag in hand, Ellsworth was killed with a shotgun blast fired by innkeeper James W. Jackson, who was then promptly shot and killed by Brownell. Francis E. Brownell (1840-1894) was rewarded with the Medal of Honor and a commission in the regular army but, more importantly, the sensational story of he and Ellsworth became a rallying call for thousands of patriotic Northerners who would enlist in the following months.
Lincoln was deeply saddened by his friend’s death and ordered an honor guard to bring his friend’s body to the White House, where he lay in state in the East Room. Honored as a hero relics associated with Ellsworth’s death became prized souvenirs.
National Portrait Gallery, unknown artist, after Matthew Brady photograph. Elmer Ellsworth in National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C., public domain. March 31st. Post updated to reflect he was the first -“Conspicuous-Union Man Killed” in the Civil War. Not the first.
Enthusiastic Members of The Crowd at Lincoln’s Second Inauguration
The Library of Congress discovered unseen photos of President Abraham Lincoln’s second inauguration. They’d been housed at the library for years, hidden by an error in labeling.
More Photos here: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=19094867
Ulysses S. Grant, Standing Alongside His War Horse, “Cincinnati”
Ulysses S. Grant rode his favorite war horse, Cincinnati, to Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House, Va., on April 9, 1865. Grant would only let two other men ride Cincinnati — President Lincoln and Admiral Daniel Ammen — and is said to have turned down a $10,000 offer for the horse. When Grant became president, he brought Cincinnati to the White House stables.
Published in: Eyes of the nation : a visual history of the United States / Vincent Virga and curators of the Library of Congress
President Lincoln’s Horse Old Robin
Photograph shows, Rev. Henry Brown, with Abraham Lincoln’s horse on the day of Lincoln’s funeral.
Mr Brown was a minister and an occasional handyman for the family, he led Lincoln’s favorite horse Robin — also known as “Old Bob” — behind the president’s coffin. Old Bob’s stirrups held a pair of Lincoln’s boots turned backward.
F.W. Ingmire, photographic artist, City Gallery, West Side of Public Square, Springfield, Ill.
- Creator(s): Ingmire, F. W., 1822-1876, photographer
- Date Created/Published: [Springfield, Ill. : s.n., 1865]
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540
Lafayette Curry Baker Union Spy-Lincoln’s Secret Service and the Missing Pages of John Wilkes Booth’s Diary
Investigator and spy, serving for the Union Army, during the American Civil War and under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson
One of his successes was the capture of the Confederate spy, Belle Boyd. Later Baker was accused of conducting a brutal interrogation and despite the inhuman treatment Boyd refused to confess and she was released in 1863.
Baker was also suspected of being guilty of corruption. He went after people making profits from illegal business activities. Baker was also sacked from his position as government spymaster. President Johnson accused him of spying on him!
On the assassination of Abraham Lincoln Baker was summoned by Edwin M. Stanton to Washington with the telegraphic appeal: “Come here immediately and see if you can find the murderer of the President.”
Within two days Baker had arrested Mary Surratt, Lewis Paine, George Atzerodt and Edman Spangler. He also had the names of the fellow conspirators, John Wilkes Booth and David Herold. In 1867, Baker published his book, History of the Secret Service. In the book Baker described his role in the capture of the conspirators. He also revealed that a dairy had been taken from John Wilkes Booth when he had been shot.
This information about Booth’s diary resulted in Baker being called before a Congress committee looking into the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Edwin M. Stanton and the War Department was forced to hand over Booth’s diary. When shown the diary by the committee, Baker claimed that someone had “cut out eighteen leaves” When called before the committee, Stanton denied being the person responsible for removing the pages.
Speculation grew that the missing pages included the names of people who had financed the conspiracy against Abraham Lincoln. It later transpired that John Wilkes Booth had received a large amount of money from a New York based firm to which Edwin M. Stanton had connections.
After his appearance before the Congress committee Baker became convinced that a secret cabal was intent of murdering him. He was found dead at his home in Philadelphia in 1868. Officially Lafayette Baker died of meningitis but the authors of the book, The Lincoln Conspiracy (1977), claim that he was murdered by his brother-in-law, Walter Pollack, a detective at the War Department.