Women Soldiers of the Civil War-Remembering Women That Served During the Civil War on This Memorial Day
Much of the information available on female Civil War soldiers is found in their obituaries. (NARA, Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780’s - 1917, RG 94)
Despite the fact that the U.S. Army did not acknowledge or advertise their existence, it is surprising that the women soldiers of the Civil War are not better known today. After all, their existence was known at the time and through the rest of the nineteenth century. Even though some modern writers have considered Seelye and Cashier, the majority of historians who have written about the common soldiers of the war have either ignored women in the ranks or trivialized their experience. While references, usually in passing, are sometimes found, the assumption by many respected Civil War historians is that soldier-women were eccentric and their presence isolated. Textbooks hardly ever mention these women.
In 1862, at least four women, including Sarah Edmonds Seelye, converged on Antietam, Maryland. With more than 30,000 casualties, September 17 was the single bloodiest day of the Civil War. (NARA, 165-SB-19)
Memorial Day- Remembering Captain Lowrie
Captain Houston B. Lowrie, 6th North Carolina State Troops, Killed in Action, Sharpsburg, Maryland (Battle of Antietam), September 17, 1862
40,000 North Carolinians died in the Civil War
The Battlefield on the Day of the Battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862
CREDIT: Gardner, Alexander, photographer. “Antietam, Maryland. Battlefield on the day of battle,” 1862. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Reproduction Number LC-DIG-cwpb-01162.
The United States National Park Service estimates that, when taking into account those who likely perished later of wounds received on this field, the count of those who lost their lives because of this single day of battle could exceed 7,000. No other day in American history produced a greater number of casualties. If the battle lasted about 11 hours, 6am to 5pm, that meant on average one casualty inflicted every 1 1/2 seconds. Of those casualties, one man would die for every 5 to 6 seconds of conflict.
Confederate Soldier’s Bible
Cloth-bound Bible given to Dr. Albert Enos Higbee of the 12th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, Company B, by Fred C. Cook. Cook’s father found the bible on the body of Frank A. Gassett, a Private with the 6th Georgia Regiment, after the battle of Antietam.
Citation: Confederate Soldier’s Bible. 9949.4. Minnesota Historical Society.
Civil War Doctor Anson Hurd-Keedysville, Md., Vicinity. Confederate Wounded at Smith’s Barn, with Dr. Anson Hurd, 14th Indiana Volunteers, in Attendance
Well-known to Civil War medical historians as two Gardner photographs taken of him around 20 September 1862 among the Confederate wounded of the Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg) are widely reprinted.
-Before the Antietam Campaign:
He served as Assistant Surgeon with the 20th Indiana (dates?). He was commissioned Surgeon and mustered into service with the 14th Indiana Infantry 21 April 1862 after resignation of the previous Surgeon. http://antietam.aotw.org/officers.php?officer_id=1002
In the photographs, Hurd is shown with his sash across his chest, indicating that he was the officer-of-the-day. Hurd left military service late in December 1862 due to exhaustion, (Note the sash’s large knot and long tassels common to all the images.)-Photographs and Information written by Alex Peck- used with permission on The Civil War Parlor
Credit To: Alex Peck Medical Antiques. Pictures and text on this site copyright http://antiquescientifica.com/archive58.htm
3rd photo credit original http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cwpb.00255/
Union Field Hospital, Antietam: Union physician Anson Hurd cared for wounded Confederate soldiers after the Battle of Antietam in this makeshift field hospital (September, 1862). (Photo Credit: CORBIS)
[Keedysville, Md., vicinity. Confederate wounded at Smith’s Barn, with Dr. Anson Hurd, 14th Indiana Volunteers, in attendance]
A Rare Civil War Smile-
General Abram Duryée 1815 – 1890
Commander of one of the most famous Zouave regiments, the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry after the war he was new York City Police Commissioner
He fought in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Second Battle of Bull Run, and several others. At the Battle of Antietam, he succeeded Ricketts as division commander, when the latter replaced General Joseph Hooker as corps commander. He was not afraid to be in the thick of the action; he was wounded at Second Bull Run, South Mountain, and Antietam.
Revolver, Seven-Shot, 32-Caliber, “Moore’s Single Action Belt Revolver.” Moore’s Patent Firearms Company, Brooklyn, N.Y., Serial Number 60 with Decorative Scroll Engraving, C. 1861. The revolver is marked ” Col. Abrm. Duryee 5th Regt. NYSV.” Abram Duryee organized the Duryee’s Zouaves (5th New York) in 1861 and fought at the Battle of Big Bethel. He was promoted to brigadier general on August 31, 1861.
Confederate Soldiers in a Ditch After the Battle of Antietam Near Sharpsburg, Md.
~ “In one place for nearly a mile they lay as thick as autumn leaves along a narrow lane cut below the natural surface, into which they seem to have tumbled”
Friday, September 19, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland:
I took the delay to ride over the field of battle. The Rebel dead, even in the woods last occupied by them, was very great. In one place, in front of the position of my corps, apparently a whole regiment had been cut down in line. They lay in two ranks, as straightly aligned as on a dress parade. There must have been a brigade, as part of the line on the left had been buried. I counted what appeared to be a single regiment and found 149 dead in the line and about 70 in front and rear, making over 200 dead in one Rebel regiment. In riding over the field I think I must have seen at least 3,000. In one place for nearly a mile they lay as thick as autumn leaves along a narrow lane cut below the natural surface, into which they seem to have tumbled. Eighty had been buried in one pit, and yet no impression had apparently been made on the unburied host. The cornfield beyond was dotted all over with those killed in retreat.
Brigadier General Alpheus S. Williams,
Division Commander, Army of the Potomac
Lincoln and McClellan at Antietam
President Abraham Lincoln meets with General George McClellan at Antietam a few weeks after the end of the battle in October of 1862. (Photo Credit: Bettmann/CORBIS)
Union Signal Tower, Antietam
Union soldiers erected signal towers at various high points around the battlefield. Using a system of signal flags, they would report enemy movements back to General McClellan (September, 1862). (Photo Credit: Bettmann/CORBIS )
Abner Monroe Perrin-1827–1864
“I shall come out of this fight a live major general or a dead brigadier.”
A South Carolinian, Perrin was a Confederate General in the Army of Northern Virginia. He fought in the Seven Days Battles, Second Bull Run (Second Manassas), Antietam, and Fredericksburg. He was killed by a musket round to the femoral artery at the Battle of Spotsylvania on May 12, 1864 at 7am.
Perrin was conspicuously brave at the Battle of the Wilderness in May 1864. In the next battle, Spotsylvania Court House, he declared “I shall come out of this fight a live major general or a dead brigadier.” When the “Mule Shoe” (or “Bloody Angle”) was overrun and most of Maj. Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson’s division was captured on May 12, 1864, units from the Third Corps—including Perrin’s brigade—were called in to help. Leading his troops in a spirited counterattack through a very heavy fire, with his sword in hand, Perrin fell from his horse pierced by seven bullets. He died instantly.
Perrin is buried in the Confederate Cemetery in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Lincoln’s Highlanders-Scots in the Civil War
16 June 1862, the Charleston Mercury reported, ‘It was left to the brave 79th Highlanders, to test the virtue of unadulterated cold steel on our Southern nerves. Thank God, Lincoln had only one 79th regiment.’ In fact, the Union Army possessed several predominantly Scottish regiments.
Approximately 600,000 Scots migrated to the United States between 1851 and 1861, bringing with them a rich military tradition. Militia companies of Scottish origin wearing full Highland uniforms were formed in both Northern and Southern states, including Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Illinois, South Carolina, and Tennessee.-
The 79th Highlanders fought bravely at Bull Run and later at Secessionville, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, the Wilderness, and Petersburg. They became one of the most respected units from New York City during the Civil War, and earned themselves a fearsome reputation on the battlefield, where they lost 190 men killed in action or died of disease, and 747 discharged because of wounds or sickness, from a total roster of 1,374.
150th Anniversary of the Battle of Antietam Re-Enactment
Confederate infantry re-enactors participate in the Battle of Bloody Lane during an event to mark the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Antietam September 15, 2012 in Sharpsburg, Maryland. The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862 and was the bloodiest battle in American history with more than 23,000 men killed, wounded, and missing in one single day. It marked the end of General Robert E. Lee’s first invasion of the North and led to Abraham Lincoln’s issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
Group at Headquarters of the Army of the Potomac, Antietam, October 1862
Alexander Gardner (American (born Scotland), Glasgow 1821–1882 Washington, D.C.) source- metropolitan museum of art.
Battle of Antietam, 1862; Confederate Dead at Bloody Lane
Looking northeast from the south bank; the Union soldiers looking on were likely members of the 130th Pennsylvania, who were assigned burial detail. Photographed by Alexander Gardner (1821-1882)
The bloodiest single day in American military history ended in a draw, but the Confederate retreat gave Abraham Lincoln the “victory” he desired before issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.