German Soldiers In The American Civil War
The Union Army was composed of many different ethnic groups, including large numbers of immigrants. About 25% of the whites who served in the Union Army were foreign-born.
About 200,000 soldiers were born in one of the German states (although this is somewhat speculative since anyone serving from a German family tended to be identified as German regardless of where actually born).
The estimate of 25 percent of the Union armed forces being foreign-born is very accurate. This means that about 1,600,000 soldiers and sailors were born in the United States, including about 200,000 African-Americans. About 200,000 soldiers and sailors were born in Ireland. Although some soldiers came from as far away as Malta, Italy, India, and Russia, most of the remaining foreign-born soldiers came from England, Scotland and Canada.
Original publication: Chippewa County Wisconsin Past and Present, Volume II. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1913. p. 258. Info source: Sanitary Commission Report, 1869-Immediate source: Google Books And http://www.dank.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=589