Confederate Receipt Book: A Compilation of Over One Hundred Receipts, Adapted to the Times, published by “A Confederate Lady” in Richmond in 1863, offered recipes to help Southern women cope with the chronic shortages of everyday foods.

Some recipes from the “Confederate Lady”

SUBSTITUTE FOR COFFEE.—

Take sound ripe acorns, wash them while in the shell, dry them, and parch until they open, take the shell off, roast with a little bacon fat, and you will have a splendid cup of coffee.

SPRUCE BEER.—

Take three gallons of water, blood warmth, three half pints of molasses, a tablespoonful of essence of spruce, and the like quantity of ginger, mix well together with a gill of yeast, let it stand over night, and bottle it in the morning. It will be in a good condition to drink in twenty-four hours.

APPLE PIE WITHOUT APPLES.—

To one small bowl of crackers, that have been soaked until no hard parts remain, add one teaspoonful of tartaric acid, sweeten to your taste, add some butter, and a very little nutmeg.

SODA BISCUIT.—

One quart of sour milk, one teaspoonful of soda, one of salt, a piece of butter the size of an egg, and flour enough to make them roll out.

http://docsouth.unc.edu/imls/receipt/receipt.html