Pompey Tractor- A Black Seminole Scout
Post Civil War Years: By 1870 the native Seminoles were living on a Reservation in the Indian Territory but originally they came from Florida. Before the United States government banned slavery in December 1865, several hundred black freedmen escaped their masters and sought refuge among the Seminoles in Florida. Not long after the Seminoles were removed to the Indian Territory, the Black Seminoles, as they became, went to Mexico, to escape enslavement. There they were welcomed by the Mexicans and later joined by native Seminoles, Black Creeks and Black Cherokees.
Black Seminole Scouts, also known as the Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts, or Seminole Scouts, were employed by the Us Army between 1870 and 1914. Despite the name, the unit included both Black Seminoles and some Native Seminoles, However, because most of the Seminole scouts were of African descent, they were often attached to the Buffalo Soldier regiments, to guide the troops through hostile territory. The majority of their service was in the 1870s, in which they played a significant role in ending the Texas Indian Wars..
Photographer- Thompson, Mary Louise-Source: New York Public Library-Info-Wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Seminole_Scouts Location-Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture / Photographs and Prints Division